Diabetes Specialist

Care and Cure AZ

Sandhya Venugopal, MD

Internal Medicine & Primary Care located in Phoenix, AZ

About 13% of American adults today have diabetes, and many others are at risk for the disease. At Care and Cure AZ in Phoenix, Arizona, experienced primary care physician Sandhya Venugopal, MD, offers personalized diabetes care. For accessible diabetes care at a reasonable cost, don’t hesitate to reach out to the office by phone or through the online scheduler to book your appointment.

Diabetes Q&A

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease characterized by too much sugar in the bloodstream. When you digest food, a type of sugar (glucose) enters your bloodstream. Your pancreas produces insulin, a hormone that shuttles the glucose into your cells so you can process it as fuel.

People with diabetes either don’t produce insulin (Type 1 diabetes) or don’t respond to insulin normally (Type 2 diabetes). This leaves glucose in the blood, which can cause serious health problems. 

Prolonged elevated blood sugar can lead to nerve damage, weakened immune system, circulatory problems, vision loss, and other issues. If you don’t get help, you put your health and life at risk. Diabetics are vulnerable to heart disease, stroke, and heart attack.

What are the signs of diabetes?

Early-stage diabetes and prediabetes — elevated blood sugar that’s not at diabetes levels yet — don’t usually cause obvious symptoms. That explains why there are over 7 million adults with undiagnosed diabetes today and also why regular checkups at Care and Cure AZ are so vital.

If your diabetes does cause symptoms, you may experience:

  • Increased urinary frequency
  • Feeling constantly thirsty
  • Feeling unusually hungry
  • Blurry vision
  • Chronic tiredness
  • Dry skin
  • Slow-healing wounds

If you have Type 1 diabetes — the rarer form of the disease that occurs in only about 5% of all diabetes cases — you might also experience nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain. If you’re having any of these symptoms, book a diabetes assessment with Dr. Venugopal soon. 

How is diabetes diagnosed?

At Care and Cure AZ, Dr. Venugopal screens for diabetes during your regular checkups. She can perform a blood sugar test in the office. She can diagnose prediabetes using the same test. 

How is diabetes treated?

You can prevent Type 2 diabetes by losing extra weight, staying active, and eating healthy. If you already have Type 2 diabetes, you can take those same measures to manage your disease. 

Dr. Venugopal can help you make changes to keep your blood sugar controlled, and she can prescribe medication if habit changes aren’t enough on their own.

If you have Type 1 diabetes, you need insulin every day. This means either injections or an insulin pump that works on its own to help you maintain a healthy blood sugar level. Late-stage Type 2 diabetes may also require insulin injections or an insulin pump. 

For diabetes prevention, diagnosis, and management, call Care and Cure AZ or use online scheduling.