Hypertension Specialist

Care and Cure AZ

Sandhya Venugopal, MD

Internal Medicine & Primary Care located in Phoenix, AZ

About half of all adults in the US today have hypertension (high blood pressure). But there’s also good news. You can prevent hypertension, and it’s also manageable with help from Sandhya Venugopal, MD, the dedicated primary care physician at Care and Cure AZ. Book your appointment by calling the Phoenix, Arizona, office or clicking the online scheduler.

Hypertension Q&A

What is hypertension?

Hypertension, or high blood pressure, means that your blood is pushing on your artery walls too hard. This can happen when your heart pumps excessive blood, when arteries narrow to create a high level of resistance, or both.

Hypertension is a serious condition that can lead to life-threatening problems, including heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. Because hypertension is usually symptomless, having routine checkups at Care and Cure AZ is absolutely essential. 

What does my blood pressure reading mean?

Your blood pressure measurement has two numbers, which represent millimeters of mercury (mm Hg). 

The first number in your blood pressure reading, your systolic blood pressure, reflects artery pressure during heartbeats. The second number, your diastolic blood pressure, reflects artery pressure when your heart muscle's at rest. 

Healthy blood pressure

Healthy blood pressure is lower than 120 mm Hg systolic and lower than 80 mm Hg diastolic. So, optimal blood pressure is 119/79 or lower. 

Elevated blood pressure

An elevated blood pressure reading is 120-129/under 80 mm Hg. 

Stage 1 hypertension

In stage 1 hypertension, blood pressure is 130-139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic.

Stage 2 hypertension

In stage 2 hypertension, blood pressure is over 140 systolic or over 90 diastolic.

If you have elevated blood pressure or hypertension, Dr. Venugopal can diagnose your condition and help you make changes to get healthy.

Can I prevent hypertension?

Most men and women with hypertension have several identifiable risk factors. These include:

  • Obesity
  • Unhealthy eating habits
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • High cholesterol
  • Cigarette smoking
  • High stress levels
  • Family history of hypertension
  • Advanced age
  • Being African American
  • Kidney disease

You can modify many of these risk factors. Dr. Venugopal identifies your hypertension risk factors and guides you in making changes to prevent hypertension. 

How do you treat hypertension?

Fortunately, you can take control of your hypertension and reclaim your health. Dr. Venugopal offers expert hypertension management, which can include weight loss, dietary support, exercise prescriptions, and other personalized advice. 

Habit changes may be enough to return your blood pressure to healthy levels. If you need medication, Dr. Venugopal can prescribe diuretics to help flush sodium and water out of your body. 

Other drug options, such as ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers, and calcium channel blockers, relax your blood vessels to help lower blood pressure.

Medication alone isn’t enough: It’s important that you commit to a healthy lifestyle, and Dr. Venugopal is here to help you do so in the easiest and most effective manner. 

For hypertension help from one of the Valley’s top primary care doctors, call Care and Cure AZ, or click the online booking tool.